Akwukwo nri

Atụmatụ nke kụrụ nwa radish n'ọhịa na griin haus

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Black radish bụ ihe na-enweghị atụ na-eguzogide ọgwụ na-eguzogide ọgwụ na-eguzogide ọgwụ ubi, dị maka na-eto eto na ọ bụla ókèala na isiokwu na nchekwa oge.

Na nlekọta kwesịrị ekwesị, osisi ahụ na-amịpụta mkpụrụ osisi buru ibu na uto dị mma, nke na-enye ohere iji mgbọrọgwụ na-esi nri maka nri nri nri, nakwa dịka ọgwụgwọ ọdịnala maka igbochi na ịgwọ ọtụtụ ọrịa.

Ọzọ n'isiokwu anyị ga-ekwu maka otu esi akụ ihe oriri a dị mma na ilekọta ya nke ọma, nakwa otu esi echebe gị ihe ọkụkụ site na pests.

Mkpụrụ osisi

  • Ọ dị mkpa iburu n'uche oge okpomọkụ ahụ mgbe ịgha mkpụrụ. Oké okpomọkụ na-eme ka osisi daa.
  • Ghaa osisi ka o wee mezuo 100% germination. A ghaghi ichikota mkpuru osisi na ihe ngwọta nke potassium permanganate iji kpuchie ya.
  • E nwere ike ịgha mkpụrụ dịka otu mkpụrụ, na nests nke 3-5 iberibe.
  • Ọ dị mkpa ịgbaso iwu nke ntụgharị ihe ọkụkụ.
  • Mgbe akuku, na-ala ooh.
  • A na-ekpuchi ihe ndina nke abalị na ihe mkpuchi nchebe.

Mmekọrịta na omenala ndị ọzọ

A na-atụ aro radish na-eto eto ka ọ kọchaa:

  1. poteto;
  2. garlic;
  3. eyịm;
  4. ose;
  5. melons;
  6. nchịkwa;
  7. Solanaceae.

Ị nwere ike ghara ịkụ mkpụrụ na-acha uhie uhie mgbe ị na-egbusi mkpụrụ osisi, n'ihi na ha nwere ọtụtụ pests na ọrịa. Na-agha osisi red radish n'otu ebe n'ime afọ 3-4.

Ndị agbata obi a na-atụ aro ka a kụrụ maka nwa radish:

  1. yabasị;
  2. poteto;
  3. tomato

Mkpokọta aka na-eduga ná njedebe ọ bụla nke pests na slugs.

Ọ dị mma

N'ihe banyere ntozuzu uzuzu, a na-ekewa ụdị oji redish na ụdị 4:

  1. Mbụ obere-fruited, oge na-eto eto ruo 40-50 ụbọchị - "Ike". A na-agha ihe na March.

  2. Ntozu ntozuOge ntoju ruo oge 50-60:

    • "Ladushka";
    • "Sultan".

    Na-akụ na mbubreyo April.

  3. Oge etiti, na-eto ruo ụbọchị 75-80:

    • "Black Winter";
    • "Black Round";
    • "Chernavka".

    Na-agha ihe n'ime ufọt ufọt June ma ọ bụ mmalite July.

  4. Ọgwụgwụ oge dị iche icheOge ogwu ruo ọnwa anọ:

    • "Gaivoronskaya";
    • "Chọta Black";
    • "Nwa Nwaanyị";
    • "Dọkịta".

    A na-agha mkpụrụ n'ime ufọt July.

Mgbe ị na-ahọrọ ụdị dị iche iche iburu n'uche njirimara nke mpaghara ahụ. Na mpaghara na oyi na-atụ, a ghaghị ịhọrọ ụdị oge dị iche iche, nke ga-enwe oge iji bilie ma chaa chaa tupu mmalite nke ihu igwe oyi. N'etiti Russia na n'ókèala nke nwere ihu igwe na-ekpo ọkụ, a na-ahọrọ ụdị dị iche iche dabere na mgbe a na-ezube maka owuwe ihe ubi.

Ebee maka ole ka ị nwere ike ịzụta osisi?

Na Moscow na St. Petersburg, ị nwere ike ịzụta mkpụrụ na akpa akwụkwọ 2 grams na ụlọ ahịa maka ndị na-eto eto. Ị nwekwara ike ịtụ ha n'usoro ntanetị. Ọnụ nke akpa dị iche iche site na 6 ruo 16 rubles na ụba 11 rubles na-ewepu nnyefe.

Ebee ka ọ ka mma ịgha mkpụrụ na mbara ala na griin ha?

Na-akụ obere radish na ala na-emeghe, dịka ọmụmaatụ, na mba ahụ, ị ​​ga-ahọrọ oghere anyanwụ na-emeghe, dịka osisi dị ọkụ-achọrọ. A na-eji ehihie na-ekpuchi ya na ihe nchekwa iji chebe strelkovaniya. Mgbe ị na-akụ mkpụrụ osisi radish n'ọkụ, ị nwere ike ịhọrọ ebe ọ bụla griin ha, na enweghị ìhè site na iji oriọna fluorescent. A naghị achọ akwa ndị dị nso n'abalị.

Otu esi akụ: nzọụkwụ site nzọụkwụ ntụziaka

Oge oge

Mgbe na otu esi akụ osisi radish na-adabere na okpomọkụ, nke a ga-edozi na ihe dị ka + 2-3 degrees.

  • A na-akụ mkpụrụ dị iche iche dị ntakịrị mkpụrụ n'ime etiti March.
  • Malite n'oge mbụ - na mbubreyo April ma ọ bụ mmalite May.
  • Oge etiti - na etiti June.
  • Ọgwụgwụ oge - na etiti July.

Nkwadebe ala

Ala ga-abụ ezigbo drained na kpụ ọkụ n'ọnụ.kpuchie ọtụtụ n'ime ụbọchị. A na-ekwe ka ala mmiri mmiri na aja aja dị, ka ha na-ejigide mmiri dị mkpa. Onye na-ajụ ya bụ acid acid na-adịghị ike, ma ọ bụ nke na-adịghị ike, ọ na-anọpụ iche. A ghaghị gbakọọ ihe na-edozi ọnụ na ọnụego 200 grams nke wayo maka 1 square mita.

Ha na-egwu ala, na-eme ka ịnweta nri dabere na potassium, superphosphate, urea. A na-etinye ala ala na humus, compost, ash. A naghị atụ aro nri maka black radish, n'ihi na nke a nwere ike imetụta uto mkpụrụ osisi ahụ.

Ịkwadebe ihe ndekọ na mkpụrụ osisi

Ihe ndị dị mkpa maka akuku osisi - a obere-rake, aka akuakuzinwo. E kwere ka ọdịda akwụkwọ na-enye ohere.
  1. A na-edozi mkpụrụ osisi radish na-akụghị tupu ị kụrụ - wụsa nnu nnu nkedo na ọnụego 1 tablespoon kwa 200 ml mmiri.
  2. A na-ewepụ mkpụrụ osisi ndị na-atụ n'elu mmiri.
  3. Akpọrọgwụ mkpụrụ osisi ndị a kọnyere mkpọrọgwụ ma sieved site na sieve iji mee ka ha dịkwuo oke: mkpuru osisi ndị a na-adịghị ahụpụta site na sieve kwesịrị iwepụ.
  4. Mgbe edozi, a na-etinye mkpụrụ osisi na gauze mmiri maka kachasị germination.
  5. Otu ụbọchị tupu ịgha mkpụrụ, a na-etinye mkpụrụ n'ime ihe ngwọta nke potassium permanganate (1: 6000), nke nwere disinfecting Njirimara.

Ịhọrọ ebe

  • Na-akụ na ala oghe: ịhọrọ akwa ndị dị mma, na-echebara iwu nke ihe ọkụkụ ọkụkụ, nke dị anya site na mkpụrụ osisi cruciferous.
  • Na-akụ na griin haus: Na akwa akwa ọ bụla nke a ga-etinwu ọtụtụ ụbọchị ma ọ bụ nwere oriọna fluorescent. Tụlee osisi ndị agbata obi.

Atụmatụ na nkà na ụzụ

Atụmatụ ọdịda na-atụ aro:

  1. Na-akụ na griin haus - oghere ndị a kwadebere nke ọma, tinye ya na ihe nlele. Ke kiet ke otu itia ẹsuande 1 mfri.
  2. N'elu akwa nke obosara nke 0.8-1.0 m. mee 4 ahịrị dị anya nke 20-25 cm na etinyerịrị ruo 1.5-2 cm miri. A na-akụ mkpụrụ n'otu n'otu. Ebe dị anya n'etiti etinyerịrị dịkarịa 15 cm maka oge dị iche iche, ọ dịkarịa ala 8 cm maka mmalite. A na-atụ aro usoro a maka ịgha mkpụrụ n'ala.
  3. Nest ọdịda - 3-5 mkpụrụ kwa nke ọma. N'ebe dị n'agbata oghere ruo 15 cm A na-atụ aro usoro a maka oghe ala.

Nkà na ụzụ:

  1. n'osisi a na-agbapubeghị, nke a na-akwapu, a na-akụ mkpụrụ dịka atụmatụ ndị ahụ dị n'elu, ebe ọ na-eme ka mmiri dị ala n'oge gara aga;
  2. a na-efesa mkpụrụ na ụwa;
  3. ejighị ya kpọrọ ihe;
  4. wunye mmiri;
  5. mgbe agha, fesaa akwa na osisi uyi.

A na-apụta na otu izu.

Ihe ndị na-elekọta

  • Ịgbara. A na-eme nsị n'ụtụtụ ma ọ bụ mgbede dị ka elu n'elu ala. Mgbe seedlings na-apụta, a na-eme ka akwa ahụ kwa ụbọchị. Mgbe osisi ahụ ruru elu karịa 10 cm, ha na-agba mmiri ndị dị na ya: ụdị mmiri dị iche iche na-eme ka mmiri dị ọkụ ugboro asatọ n'izu, ọ na-ewe ihe dị ka okpukpu 1-2 ugboro n'ọnwa.

    A gaghị ekwe ka mmiri ghara ikpochasị ya, ma ọ bụghị mkpụrụ osisi ahụ ga-adị ilu ma sie ike. Atọ ọnụego: 10 lita mmiri kwa 1 square mita. A na-ekwe ka ịgba ogbugba mmiri.

  • Ala na-atọghe. A na-eme ya iji zere ọdịdị nke crusts n'elu ihe ndina mgbe ọ bụla ịgbara. Nke a ga-egbochi ihe omume nke ata ah u.
  • Fatịlaịza. Uwe elu dị elu na-abanye ruo ugboro atọ maka oge uto. Mgbe mkpụrụ ahụ pụta, nri mbụ ya na ụlọ nwere nitrogen nwere ike ịme ka o too. A na-edozi fatịlaịza n'otu izu. Nke atọ mgbakwasa na-rụrụ n'ime otu ọnwa na potassium, phosphate nri (superphosphate, urea).

    Otu ọnwa tupu owuwe ihe ubi a chọrọ, a kwụsịrị nri. A na-ahọrọ nri ndị na-edozi ahụ compost, humus, extracts, ash ash.
  • Na-agbanye ma na-atụgharị ugwu. A na-eji mulik nke akwa akwa ma ọ bụ na-eme ka ọ bụrụ na ọ bụ Ome, nke ga-echebe microclimate nke ihe ndina, mmiri na ihe ndị dị na ala. A na-eme hilling ugboro abụọ mgbe ọ gbasịrị.
  • Thinning. Mgbe Ome apụta, wepụ Ome nke kacha ike. Nke abụọ thinning na-rụrụ mgbe seedlings ga-3-4 ezi epupụta. Mkpa na akwa dị anya nke 5 cm n'etiti Ome. A na-emegharị nke atọ n'ime otu ọnwa, na-ahapụ ihe dị ka 15 cm n'etiti ihe ọkụkụ.

Nchebe pesti

Black radish nwere pests ndị na-esonụ:

  1. ọkpụkpụ kpakpando;
  2. karọf ijiji;
  3. ihe na-esi ísì;
  4. slugs;
  5. akwukwo akwukwo akwukwo;
  6. onye na-eri nri mkpụrụ osisi;
  7. ájá ájá.

Nhazi usoro

Ọgwụgwọ mkpụrụ osisi:

  • ọgwụ "Nkwenye";
  • ngwọta ncha;
  • infusion nke celandine;
  • osisi ash ngwọta;
  • ụtaba ụtaba;
  • a na-adịghị ike ngwọta nke mmanya;
  • ọgwụ "Intravir", "Fitoverm", "Lipocid".

Nsogbu na nsogbu siri ike

  1. Akuku akuku osisi.

    N'otu oge, mkpụrụ germination na-budata belata. Ihe ndozi: nkwado ala na ala mmiri, ihe ndina na ihe nchekwa.

  2. Osisi a Na-aghaghị Mkpụrụ - na-eduga ná ọrịa nke seedlings site pests.

    Mgbe ihe ịrịba ama mbụ nke ọrịa ahụ gosipụtara, a na-emeso osisi ndị ahụ na ngwọta 1% nke mmiri boric acid, mmiri mmiri bordeaux, ọla sulphate.

  3. Obere mkpụrụ.

    Ịgha mkpụrụ nke ihe ubi na-achọ ntakịrị mkpụmkpụ nke mgbọrọgwụ, nke na-enyere aka igbochi mmepe nke mpụta nke mgbọrọgwụ, na-eme ka mkpụrụ osisi ahụ na-eto ma buru ibu.

  4. Agbapụ.

    Ọ na-adị mfe ịmalite ịkụzi akụ na-enweghị nlekọta, isi ihe kpatara ya bụ oyi. Iji zere nke a, ọ dị mkpa iji nọgide na-enwe ala na ala mmiri, na-ekpuchi ihe ndina ahụ na fim, iji gbochie ndigide nke akwa (na-emegharị oge).

  5. Ngwunye mgbọrọgwụ kụrụ.

    Na - eme ihe na - emebi ọgbụgba mmiri, mgbe ala na - anọgide na - akọrọ ruo ogologo oge. Iji zere ịwụ ala ala na-edebe ya mgbe niile na ọnọdụ ogwu.

  6. Oge ntoju oge.

    Mbelata nke na-ezighi ezi na-atụnye aka na mmepe ya, mgbe ahụ akụkụ ala nke osisi ahụ malitere ịba ụba. Mgbochi - nhazi nke mmemme nke mepụtara.

Black radish bụ osisi na-eguzogide ọgwụ na mgbọrọgwụ siri ike, nke a na-etolite n'ala na-emeghe nakwa na griin haus na ọnọdụ nlekọta obere. Nlekọta nke osisi ahụ na-enye gị ohere ịnweta nnukwu ihe ọkụkụ iji chekwaa ma jiri ya mee ihe, nri anụ na ọgwụ maka otu afọ zuru ezu.

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